Anemia due to iron deficiency during pregnancy is a prevalent condition in pregnant women. This condition makes them feel worried because it affects the health of the women and the fetus as well. More seriously, it can lead to premature birth. However, sometimes the supplementation of iron causes many women to suffer from constipation and acne. As a result, pregnant women are quite curious about the best iron supplement for anemia without constipation.
How important are folic acid and iron to pregnant women?
- 1 How important are folic acid and iron to pregnant women?
- 2 Why is it important for pregnant women to supplement iron?
- 3 What is the best iron supplement for anemia without constipation?
- 4 What is the best time to take iron tablets?
- 5 What else you need to do while the body is supplemented with iron
Folic acid and iron are the two micronutrients that are essential for pregnant women. During the first trimester of pregnancy, the women who suffer from folic acid deficiency are at high risk for neural tube defects such as spina bifida and anencephaly.
As usual, most pregnant women with anemia will have fatigue and pallor and high risk of premature birth. Besides, the child may deal with malnutrition even when he/she still lives in the mother’s womb. If anemia is not treated immediately, the risk of metrorrhagia is high.
In short, the supplementation of iron is an urgent thing. However, it is possible that iron will cause constipation. So how can you provide iron for the body, especially when you are pregnant? Which is the best iron supplement for anemia without constipation?
Why is it important for pregnant women to supplement iron?
It is not that until you become pregnant, you start to supplement the body with iron. In reality, before that, this element is indispensable for a healthy body. A raised problem is that in addition to natural food sources, which kind of iron pregnant women should drink to take enough nutrients without worrying about constipation.
Iron supplementation with natural food sources is the most common.
Taking double iron supplementation during pregnancy is necessary.
During 40 weeks of pregnancy, the blood volume of the pregnant woman increases by 50% compared to normal. Therefore, the supplementation of the equivalent amount of iron is really necessary.
Iron is known as a vital element in the formation of hemoglobin, which is an important component of red blood cells. Its function is to transport oxygen from the lungs to other organs and convey carbon dioxide from organs to the lungs to dispose of.
Also, iron is involved in the structure of many enzymes, which helps maintain a healthy immune system and protects the body from bacterial contamination.
What is the best iron supplement for anemia without constipation?
When taking iron (and also calcium) supplements, the body need a large amount of water to absorb the minerals available in some kinds of iron. However, not all pregnant women drink enough water. Also, the main cause of this phenomenon is because these minerals which are not absorbed into the body and become the burden of the digestive tract, increasing the risk of constipation.
Two ways for pregnant women to supplement iron
There are two common ways to give iron to pregnant women: first, iron supplementation through a diet; second, the supplement from the medical forms.
In the daily food, you can find iron in almost all places. The iron that is easy to absorb consists of animal liver, blood, heart, and red meat. The foods that are rich in iron but difficult to absorb include egg yolk, fish, shrimp, crab, beans, wood ear, vegetables, and pumpkin. To increase the absorption of iron, you should eat more vitamin C-rich foods like orange juice and tomatoes.
In the form of medicine, depending on the state of health, different drugs will be prescribed. Unless pregnancy tests show that your body is deficient in iron, it is necessary to take too much iron to avoid the excess.
Iron supplements are available in two forms: inorganic iron (iron sulfate) and organic iron (iron fumarate and iron gluconate). Of these two forms, organic iron has the advantage over inorganic iron. In particular, it is easier to absorb and less likely to cause constipation.
Two forms of iron supplements
On the market today iron drugs are prepared in two forms: liquid and tablets.
Liquid form: its disadvantage is that the medicine is difficult to drink because it causes nausea. However, liquid iron can be absorbed easily and almost cause no constipation.
Tablet form: different from liquid form, iron tablets are quite easy to drink and do not make you feel nausea. However, your body does not absorb iron tablets as easily as liquid iron. In addition, it is highly likely that the liquid will cause constipation.
Some iron supplements that are widely used include Fogyma, Obimin, Sap Multi, Tardyferol B9, Bomaferon, and Saffron.
Three types of iron for pregnant women
There are currently three types of iron supplements: iron sulfate, iron fumarate, and iron gluconate. All these iron drugs have certain effects. The most important thing is the amount of iron included in each product. Therefore, it is necessary to see the product label carefully before you purchase them. Besides, you need to follow the doctor’s instructions.
What is the best time to take iron tablets?
The best time to take iron supplements is when the stomach is empty. For this reason, it is advisable to use iron before breakfast or at night when you go to bed. Besides, iron tablets should be taken after 1-2 hours of having meals for the best absorption. It is a good way to avoid stomach upset.
In reality, some foods and vitamins can inhibit the body’s ability to absorb iron. One of them is calcium. Therefore, keep in mind that you should not take calcium and iron tablet supplements at the same time. In several rare cases, vitamins that are accompanied by iron contain calcium; you should not use calcium and iron at the same time.
If you are prescribed to supplement the body with both iron and calcium, it is important that you take these things at least 2 hours apart. Iron and iron intake will reduce the absorption of iron.
Caffeine also prevents the body’s ability to absorb iron. As a result, after taking iron tablets, you should wait for a while before drinking tea, coffee or soft drinks. It is best to avoid caffeine completely.
What else you need to do while the body is supplemented with iron
While taking iron, you should also take vitamin C supplements because it helps to increase the absorption of iron. In particular, you can take iron tablets together with a cup of orange juice to enhance iron intake.
It is essential to boost the consumption of fiber through fruits and vegetables, which is aimed at preventing the side effects of iron. For example, iron is one of the causes of constipation.
Pregnant women can start taking iron from the 4th month of pregnancy. The mother should continue this supplement until after one month of giving birth. If the mother has anemia, the supplementation of iron is advised to start in the first month.
It is very important to choose the best iron supplement for anemia without constipation, especially for pregnant women. In fact, there are quite a lot of types of iron for users to select in the market. However, you should take notice of various features of products to bring the best effect to anemia and escape from symptoms of constipation as well.